You need to be informed to survive in the wild or to take a trip into outdoor regions where there are potentially dangerous wildlife. Although in terms of present danger, natural elements are likely the biggest threat when it comes to survival and knowing how to prepare for every situation in this regard is essential. Simply put; you just cannot assume anything in the wild and without the correct outdoor survival gear or skills, it would be unwise to consider taking such a trip in the first place.
Here are 10 basic tips to survive in the wild
1. Take a map and compass
This really should go without saying but unfortunately, in a time when we are increasingly reliant on technology for assistance, it is important to remember that technology will often fail. For this reason, every survivalist will emphasize the importance of learning how to navigate using a map and to know how to read a compass. Most importantly, it should be noted that these are tangible items which do not rely on battery, electricity or any other means so that they can be used at anytime, anywhere.
2. Although do bring a GPS
At the same time, a GPS tracking system can make all the difference especially when time is short or it is imperative that you do not travel in the wrong direction. GPS use satellites to determine your whereabouts so they are usually reliable almost everywhere in the world, although do remember to download relevant maps before you leave in order to read them in the first place.
3. Have a backup cellphone
There is no replacement for having a working cell phone in a time of emergency and everyone knows how quickly a smart phone battery can drain. It doesn’t need to be fancy, it doesn’t even need to be smart; take a backup phone just in case and if possible, a fully charged spare battery. This phone should not be used for any other circumstance other than an emergency.
4. Chargers and powerbanks
With the rising number of power banks and solar powered chargers on the market, the cost of these gadgets has reached record lows in recent years making them more than affordable. Not only will these supply a back-up charge for your cellphone but most commonly, these can also be used to recharge camera batteries or a laptop which is then used to back up information such as photographs.
5. Water Filtation
Many different types of water filter have reached the online market and these are an essential part of any survival kit list. Obviously survival is impossible without water but then you also need to keep in mind that the water you encounter will not always be drinkable for various reasons. A water filter can transform even the worst quality of water into something drink worthy and while it may not entirely quench the thirst, in wilderness areas it is often the difference between good health and severe illness or disease.
5. Emergency Blanket
When everything gets wet, when stranded outdoors or experiencing some particularly cold weather; an emergency blanket will be the one item you will be grateful to have packed. Not only are these one of the most lightweight items you can take with you but they are also the greatest of all insulators. Even in the absence of clothing, an emergency blanket is likely to retain heat in ways that no other item on your survival kit list can.
6. Waterproof matches and fire starter
Waterproof matches are essential for wilderness survival. Although water resistant, these matches need to be kept somewhere safe but they are still more reliable than having a lighter which is another item susceptible to failure. That considered there are also times such as damp conditions when matches are not enough to start a fire and in this case, it is sometimes a life saver to have an actual fire starter as part of your survival kit list.
7. Adequate footwear
Gloves and the right outdoor garments are all needed for wilderness survival but there is often an oversight by enthusiasts for the importance of footwear. Feet are inevitably what will get you from one place to another and without movement you can find yourself faced with an insurmountable challenge.
Hiking boots are also designed specifically for a reason and at the very least these must be waterproof and sturdy enough to withstand extreme weather conditions. When purchasing shoes for wilderness survival, it is always best to seek advice on site from a store representative as most often, there sales assistants are trained in terms of the advantages or disadvantages of every shoe.
8. Swiss army knife
Ideally this will be a Swiss army brand but regardless, you will need a knife when travelling into the wild. Whether you need to cut rope or bandages, grate some tinder or open a can of beans; a knife has so many different uses in the outdoors and is an essential part of every survival kit list. You will need to know how to use this knife safely and it is very important to store it somewhere that it poses no risk to your own self in the event of a fall or accident of some kind.
9. Know your environment and wildlife
You simply should not travel into any wildlife area without knowledge for what animals are present and what to do (or not do) in such regions. For example, having food in a tent is a disaster waiting to happen as too is trekking after dark where there are nocturnal predators. Knowing what to expect in terms of the environment or landscape is essential but it is just as important to know what potential situations may arise, and what to do if they actually happen.
10. Pepper spray and air horn
There is s reason pepper spray is referred to as bear spray in North America; this simple contraption can be the last resort in the eventuality of worst case scenario. Pepper spray can travel quite a distance and inflicts severe pain which can not only deter an animal, but also give you time to escape. An air horn on the other hand is a last resort which can sometimes startle an animal and deter them from coming any closer.