Okefenokee Swamp - Hiking  tree outdoor landscape nature mountain sky autumn plant cloud background lake painting forest surrounded distance

Okefenokee Swamp - Hiking





Okefenokee Swamp Statistics


What are the activities at Okefenokee Swamp ?

Hiking


See photos of hiking at Okefenokee Swamp


Why choose a trail at Okefenokee Swamp?

The Okefenokee Swamp is a shallow, 438,000-acre (1,770 km2), peat-filled wetland straddling the Georgia–Florida line in the United States. A majority of the swamp is protected by the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge and the Okefenokee Wilderness. The Okefenokee Swamp is considered to be one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia. The Okefenokee is the largest "blackwater" swamp in North America. Although folklore and many references state that the word okefenokee is a Native American word meaning "land of trembling earth," it is actually an anglicization of the Itsate Creek Indian words oka fenoke, which mean "water-shaking." (More than a dozen variant spellings of the word have been documented in historical literature.) The swamp was designated a National Natural Landmark in 1974. The Okefenokee was formed over the past 6,500 years by the accumulation of peat in a shallow basin on the edge of an ancient Atlantic coastal terrace, the geological relic of a Pleistocene estuary. The swamp is bordered by Trail Ridge, a strip of elevated land believed to have formed as coastal dunes or an offshore barrier island. The St. Marys River and the Suwannee River both originate in the swamp. The Suwannee River originates as stream channels in the heart of the Okefenokee Swamp and drains at least 90 percent of the swamp's watershed southwest toward the Gulf of Mexico. The St. Marys River, which drains only 5 to 10 percent of the swamp's southeastern corner, flows south along the western side of Trail Ridge, through the ridge at St. Marys River Shoals, and north again along the eastern side of Trail Ridge before turning east to the Atlantic. Longtime residents of the Okefenokee Swamp, referred to as "Swampers", are of overwhelmingly English ancestry. Due to relative isolation, the inhabitants of the Okefenokee used Elizabethan phrases and syntax, preserved since the early colonial period when such speech was common in England, well into the 20th century. The Suwannee Canal was dug across the swamp in the late 19th century in a failed attempt to drain the Okefenokee. After the Suwannee Canal Company's bankruptcy, most of the swamp was purchased by the Hebard family of Philadelphia, who conducted extensive cypress logging operations from 1909 to 1927. Several other logging companies ran railroad lines into the swamp until 1942; some remnants remain visible crossing swamp waterways. On the west side of the swamp, at Billy's Island, logging equipment and other artifacts remain of a 1920s logging town of 600 residents. Most of the Okefenokee Swamp is included in the 403,000-acre (1,630 km2) Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. A wildfire begun by a lightning strike near the center of the refuge on May 5, 2007, eventually merged with another wildfire that began near Waycross, Georgia, on April 16 when a tree fell on a power line. By May 31, more than 600,000 acres (2,400 km2), or more than 935 square miles, had burned in the region. The Okefenokee Swamp Alliance is a conservation group that works for the continued preservation of the swamp.

What are the services on site?

No information available


Rate & open hour

Access fee $ 0.00
Schedule
No information
Coordinates
30.8127 30.8127

What are the coordinates and address of Okefenokee Swamp?

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Let’s Answer Your Questions - FAQ

Is the place are families friendly?

No

Is there an information center / service center / reception?

No